Questions arise from the psalms of vengeance. One thing to consider is that the Old Testament Psalms wrestle with the problems of human existence within the context of this life – the “three score years and ten” of Psalm 90:10. Lacking the eschatological horizon of the New Testament, they concentrate on the problems of life now with a fierce and passionate intensity. 

The psalmists do not take seriously the possibility that the imbalances of life will somehow be corrected in another form of existence beyond our historical experience. God’s dealings with men are confined to this earthly life. For them, as for many modern people, death is the final limitation; accordingly, the answers to the question of existence must be found now. They thirst for God in the present, and seek the satisfaction of that thirst in the historical arena. 

In the New Testament, of course, this barrier is broken through. There the good news rings out that in Jesus Christ, God has conquered the power of death and has thrown open the door into the future.  

The Christian church reads the psalmists’ cries for vindication in the larger context of the whole Bible which reaches a climax with the announcement that the Vindicator has already responded to his people’s cries in Jesus Christ. The New Testament witnesses that Christ has experienced man’s cry “out of the depths”. Not only does Christ pray with us in all human suffering, but he enables men to have a confidence which makes them “more than conquerors” (Romans 8:31-39). 

Source: Notes taken and adapted from Bernhard W. Anderson, Out of the Depths: The Psalms Speak for Us Today (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1974), 65-66. 



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Deals with the prayer of the heart, or meditation, and includes quotes from a variety of spiritual writers.
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Presents the essential Christian message under 36 biblical topics in Q & A style. Supporting scriptures are given throughout.


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